What is a zoonotic disease?
Zoonotic diseases (zoonoses) are diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans.
What are some common zoonotic diseases?
There are over 200 zoonotic diseases. Some of the most common include:
West Nile Virus
Why are zoonotic diseases important?
They can cause severe illness in humans and animals. Many could be used as a bioterrorism agent such as:
How are they transmitted?
Zoonotic diseases can be caused by a variety of ways. The most common are:
Respiratory or inhalation:
West Nile Virus
Food or water:
How can zoonotic diseases be prevented or controlled?
Wash hands often, especially when:
using the restroom
handling pets or other animals
cleaning up pet waste
Routinely clean and disinfect areas accessed by pets
Handle and prepare foods safely
Protect yourself from ticks and mosquitos
Avoid contact with wild animals such as:
reptiles (turtles and lizards)
Do not keep exotic animals such as lizards, prairie dogs as pets
If you find a dead animal:
Wear rubber gloves when disposing of them
Wrap the dead animal in double plastic bag when disposing
What are some signs that people should you look for and report?
Skin nodules or pox-like lesions
Nasal discharge or respiratory symptoms
Clusters of unusual, severe or unexplained illnesses or sudden deaths
Similar illnesses or deaths among different species
BE ALERT FOR THE UNUSUAL!
Who should I report suspicious signs to?
your local health department
your local veterinarian
N. D. State Veterinarian –
N. D. Department of Health – Division of Disease Control
After hours or during an emergency call: 800.472-2121
Where can I find more information about zoonotic diseases?
Your local veterinarian
Your local health department – (701)483-0171
N. D. State Veterinarian
N. D. Health Department
Division of Disease Control